This past week, the last 7 days up to November 18 2013…. the Oklahoma, Texas, and Colorado fracking / injection well operations are still experiencing a series of unexpected earthquakes.
The “swarm” carries on in Oklahoma, also, one lone fracking earthquake in Colorado, and another 2.6M fracking earthquake inside a huge pumping operation in East Texas.
All of these events, again, proving the edge of the Craton (plate) is in flux. Pressure coming from the WEST, spilling over across the edge of the plate. The North American Craton is being pressed due to the subduction process not keeping up with the Pacific plate unrest. Literally having a spillover effect throughout the midwestern United States.
Below is a diagram of the Craton (right), Shale Gas Plays / Fracking operations (center), and recent United States Earthquake activity (left).
What is causing this to happen?
Massive movement in the Pacific is causing displacement along the edge of the American Craton. Earthquakes occurring at weak points first (spots such as injection wells, drilling shafts, mines, quarries etc.) Like perforation on a thick piece of cardboard makes the edges easy to bend, the injection wells / drilling has created hollow weak spots prone to “bend” or “break”.
This problem has been building for a few years. Here are all my past posts on the topic of fracking / injection / man made earthquakes / induced seismicty:
The recent Chicago earthquake (near the quarry) proving the pressure is abundant at the center of the Craton. Energy , pressure, which is ready to be released at a moments notice when man begins to interfere.
This was a subject that many “professionals” denied for a long time. Sizable earthquakes from man made operations….
The USGS has FINALLY acknowledged the man made earthquake swarm in Oklahoma, but are still reserving judgement as to the full cause. Typical behavior for the lagging science “establishment”. Remember, they (the USGS) are paid by the Government, which in turn makes BILLIONS off the companies doing these projects. Their reporting is biased quite frankly.
From the USGS article , acknowledging the Oklahoma Earthquake Swarm:
Earthquake Swarm Continues in Central Oklahoma
Released: 10/22/2013 1:07:59 PM
“Since January 2009, more than 200 magnitude 3.0 or greater earthquakes have rattled Central Oklahoma, marking a significant rise in the frequency of these seismic events.
The U.S. Geological Survey and Oklahoma Geological Survey are conducting collaborative research quantifying the changes in earthquake rate in the Oklahoma City region, assessing the implications of this swarm for large-earthquake hazard, and evaluating possible links between these earthquakes and wastewater disposal related to oil and gas production activities in the region.
Studies show one to three magnitude 3.0 earthquakes or larger occurred yearly from 1975 to 2008, while the average grew to around 40 earthquakes per year from 2009 to mid-2013.
“We’ve statistically analyzed the recent earthquake rate changes and found that they do not seem to be due to typical, random fluctuations in natural seismicity rates,” said Bill Leith, USGS seismologist. “These results suggest that significant changes in both the background rate of events and earthquake triggering properties needed to have occurred in order to explain the increases in seismicity. This is in contrast to what is typically observed when modeling natural earthquake swarms.”
The analysis suggests that a contributing factor to the increase in earthquakes triggers may be from activities such as wastewater disposal–a phenomenon known as injection-induced seismicity. The OGS has examined the behavior of the seismicity through the state assessing the optimal fault orientations and stresses within the region of increased seismicity, particularly the unique behavior of the Jones swarm just east of Oklahoma City. The USGS and OGS are now focusing on determining whether evidence exists for such triggering, which is widely viewed as being demonstrated in recent years in Arkansas, Ohio and Colorado.
This “swarm” includes the largest earthquake ever recorded in Oklahoma, a magnitude 5.6 that occurred near Prague Nov. 5, 2011. It damaged a number of homes as well as the historic Benedictine Hall at St. Gregory’s University, in Shawnee, Okla. Almost 60 years earlier in1952, a comparable magnitude 5.5, struck El Reno and Oklahoma City. More recently, earthquakes of magnitude 4.4 and 4.2 hit east of Oklahoma City on April 16, 2013, causing objects to fall off shelves.
Following the earthquakes that occurred near Prague in 2011, the agencies issued a joint statement, focusing on the Prague event and ongoing seismic monitoring in the region. Since then, the USGS and OGS have continued monitoring and reporting earthquakes, and have also made progress evaluating the significance of the swarm.”
Past 7 days of United States earthquakes 2.5M and greater (up to November 18, 2013)
Here is the most recent 3.0M earthquake in Oklahoma. Clearly, another injection / frack well very close by the earthquake epicenter:
click to view full size
- 2013-11-18 08:37:42 UTC
- 2013-11-18 02:37:42 UTC-06:00 at epicenter
- 2013-11-18 02:37:42 UTC-06:00 system time
36.116°N 96.969°W depth=5.0km (3.1mi)
- 8km (5mi) E of Stillwater, Oklahoma
- 48km (30mi) ENE of Guthrie, Oklahoma
- 66km (41mi) S of Ponca City, Oklahoma
- 68km (42mi) NE of Edmond, Oklahoma
- 87km (54mi) NE of Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
Colorado had a 2.5M injection well earthquake on November 15, 2013:
- 2013-11-15 09:34:50 UTC
- 2013-11-15 02:34:50 UTC-07:00 at epicenter
- 2013-11-15 03:34:50 UTC-06:00 system time
38.937°N 107.703°W depth=1.0km (0.6mi)
- 12km (7mi) NW of Paonia, Colorado
- 53km (33mi) NNE of Montrose, Colorado
- 66km (41mi) ESE of Clifton, Colorado
- 74km (46mi) E of Grand Junction, Colorado
- 250km (155mi) WSW of Denver, Colorado
Northeast Texas , also showing excessive signs of craton edge movement via the injection wells / fracking operation earthquakes:
click to view full size:
- 2013-11-13 09:01:33 UTC
- 2013-11-13 03:01:33 UTC-06:00 at epicenter
- 2013-11-13 03:01:33 UTC-06:00 system time
32.934°N 97.448°W depth=5.0km (3.1mi)
- 4km (2mi) N of Eagle Mountain, Texas
- 10km (6mi) ENE of Azle, Texas
- 11km (7mi) NW of Saginaw, Texas
- 18km (11mi) W of Keller, Texas
- 281km (175mi) S of Oklahoma City, Oklahoma