Professionals are starting to catch up with the cutting edge research being done by independent scientists online.
A new study now reveals that the fault lines in Oklahoma have been “reactivated” after millions of years of silence. This “reactivation” is now leading main stream scientists to re-assess their previous judgements, and to issue a new warning for the risk of a much larger earthquake to develop from this reactivation of fault zones.
Scientists looking into the reactivation did NOT look into fracking injection as the cause!!!!
WTH ?! Ignorance is bliss apparently 😦
The reactivation is being caused by a two-fold problem (three fold if you include international activity).
Problem 1. International activity is at an increased high across the Pacific – multiple volcanic eruptions, and large plate displacement occurring in the Asthenosphere.
Problem 2. Pressure being placed on the North American craton coming from the NW (pacific northwestern locations near Vancouver South to Napa California).
This pressure from the NW is displacing the entire North American craton along its rugged harder inner “edge”. The pressure is transferring across vast distances, and is being released at the weakest points along the way (once pressure builds too far).
Problem 3. Oklahoma, Kansas, Arkansas, Texas, Colorado, and New Mexico all reside upon the edge of the craton, all these aforementioned areas are drilling (and fracking) across large areas. This drilling and high pressure water injection is causing a weak point along the edge of the plate, and is “reactivating” faults which have been silent for thousands (millions?) of years.
Ultimately the process of fracking to to blame for the release of the pressure coming in Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado, Texas, and Arkansas.
If humans were not drilling down a few miles, and injecting water into shale faults in order to release gas — then the pressure would transfer across the Southern Midwest and release in the New Madrid Seismic zone with a single large earthquake (as we saw in the past).
Naturally, the plate would release the stress built in the center of the craton via a single large Earthquake, which in turn actually caused the rolling foothills of the midwest, the growth of the Smokey Mountains, and the growth of the mountains along the East coast.
The fact that Oklahoma / Kansas / Colorado / Texas are the areas NOW releasing the pressure on the plate , means that the fracturing occurring in the Southern Midwest SHOULD be happening in the Northern and Eastern midwest. No more rolling foothill formation , and no more New Madrid huge earthquake threat.
Now the huge earthquake threat (the big ones like the 1811 New Madrid mega-quake) resides to the South. Oklahoma, you’re now under the gun for a major earthquake for the long term future, thanks to the injection of your fault zones.
As a resident of Missouri, and speaking for the people of Illinois, Indiana, Tennessee, Kentucky — let me say thank you to the people of Oklahoma. Your greed in seeking financial gain at the expense of your environment has now decreased the chances of a large Earthquake on the New Madrid.
Oklahoma just saved St. Louis, Memphis, Chicago, Indianapolis, and Cincinnati ! There is an up to the down of destroying an entire region like Oklahoma , Texas, Kansas, and Southern Colorado. At least people on the New Madrid can rest east knowing you guys down there are taking the hit for us.
At least you’re getting paid to do it !
A new large earthquake threat – bought and paid for by the residents of Oklahoma! People who have been fracking their own back yards to the point of reactivating million year old faults are going to get what you paid for!
Here is the article:
“Fault lines dating back hundreds of millions of years in Oklahoma that have been recently reactivated could lead to a devastating quake in the state where many structures were not built to withstand major seismic activity, a report said.
The state, which has seen several hundred seismic events over the past five years, has “a high degree of potential earthquake hazards,” according to the study accepted for publication this month whose authors include researchers from the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS).
“The majority of the recent earthquakes in central Oklahoma define reactivated ancient faults at shallow depths in the crust” of less than 3.7 miles (6 km), said the report for the American Geophysical Union.
The report did not look at whether the reactivation of the faults was linked to the energy extraction technique known as hydraulic fracturing, or fracking.
Daniel McNamara, one of the paper’s authors and a research geophysicist at USGS, said on Tuesday the 300 million-year-old subsurface faults that had not been active are suspected to be associated with the recent seismic activity.
“Any one of these fault zones that are producing magnitude 3 or 4 earthquakes could rupture into a larger earthquake. There are as many as 12 different fault zones that are capable of producing a large, 5 to 6 magnitude earthquake,” he said.
In November 2011, Oklahoma suffered a 5.6 magnitude quake that damaged more than a dozen homes and several businesses.
Building codes in Oklahoma for seismic events are not as stringent as in quake-prone states such as California.
Wastewater disposal related to the fracking is suspected by many scientists to contribute to the earthquake activity. Millions of gallons of wastewater are typically trucked from a fracking site to wells where the water is injected thousands of feet underground into porous rock layers.
Energy companies deny there is a link between fracking and major seismic activity.”